Hillary Clinton on Government Reform
Secretary of State; previously Democratic Senator (NY); 2016 Democratic nominee
Automatic voter registration and 20-day early voting
Q: Should people be able to vote without photo identification?
Clinton called for universal and automatic voter registration and a 20-day (or more) period of early voting in every state, before every election.
Clinton's speech identified the work of protecting and expanding voting rights as a critical part of her campaign. Clinton talked about the fact that African Americans consistently rank among the most deeply affected by the contours of Voter ID laws,
must wait in the longest lines on Election Day and cast ballots at polling sites that very often house fewer machines and poll workers than other sites. That, Clinton told the crowd, "is no accident."
Trump: "You don't have to have voter ID to now go in and vote and it's a little bit scary." Trump says without voter ID, "people are going to walk in, they are going to vote 10 times maybe. Who knows?"
Source: 2016 AFA Action iVoterGuide on 2016 presidential hopefuls
, Nov 8, 2016
We need Supreme Court to stand up to the powerful
I feel strongly that the Supreme Court needs to stand on the side of the American people, not on the side of the powerful corporations and the wealthy. For me, that means that we need a Supreme Court that will stand up on behalf of women's rights, on
behalf of the rights of the LGBT community, that will stand up and say no to Citizens United, a decision that has undermined the election system in our country because of the way it permits dark, unaccountable money to come into our electoral system.
It is important that we not reverse marriage equality, that we not reverse Roe v. Wade, that we stand up against Citizens United, we stand up for the rights of people in the workplace, that we stand up and basically say: The Supreme Court should
represent all of us. That's how I see the court, and the kind of people that I would be looking to nominate to the court would be in the great tradition of standing up to the powerful, standing up on behalf of our rights as Americans.
Source: Third 2016 Presidential Debate in Las Vegas
, Oct 19, 2016
I am not beholden to Super PACs or Wall Street
Q: Nearly half of your financial sector donations appear to come from just two wealthy financiers, for a total of about $10 million.
CLINTON: You're referring to a Super PAC that we don't coordinate with, that has decided that they want to support me.
They are the ones who should respond to questions. Let's talk about our campaigns. I'm very proud of the fact that we have more than 750 thousand donors.
SANDERS: What we are talking about is a corrupt campaign finance system.
It is undermining American democracy. We had a decision to make early on, do we do a Super PAC? We said no. Secretary Clinton's Super PAC received $25 million dollars last reporting period, $15 million dollars from Wall Street.
Our average contribution is $27 dollars.
CLINTON: But, the real issue, I think, that the Senator is injecting into this is that if you take donations from Wall Street, you can't be independent.
Source: 2016 PBS Democratic debate in Wisconsin
, Feb 11, 2016
I will streamline wasteful and redundant programs
SANDERS: I believe in government, but I believe in efficient government, not wasteful government. We have also got to take a look at the waste and inefficiencies in the Department of Defense, which is the one major agency of government that has not
been able to be audited. I have the feeling you're going to find a lot of cost overruns there and a lot of waste and duplicative activities.
CLINTON: There are a number of programs are redundant and not producing the results that people deserve. There are a lot of training programs and education programs that I think can be streamlined.
I would like to take a hard look at every part of the federal government and do the kind of analysis that would rebuild some confidence that we're taking a hard look about what we have and what we don't need anymore.
Source: 2016 PBS Democratic debate in Wisconsin
, Feb 11, 2016
Expand executive action on immigration, guns, & corporations
Hillary Clinton is promising to go around lawmakers if they won't work with her. Clinton pitched ideas to crack down on corporate inversions, maneuvers that shift companies' legal addresses outside of the U.S. to lower tax bills. She said, "If Congress
won't act, then I will ask the Treasury Department to use its regulatory authority."
It was the third major policy area where she vowed executive action, anticipating that a Republican Congress won't back her proposals. In each case, she would go
beyond what the Obama administration has done.
She has promised to expand President Barack Obama's executive action on immigration, shielding more people in the U.S. from deportation, even as the existing policy is being challenged in the courts.
Clinton also has said she would try to rewrite firearms regulations so more sellers are required to conduct background checks on potential gun buyers. There is scant support for new gun restrictions among Republicans.
Source: Laura Meckler & Richard Rubin in Wall Street Journal
, Dec 9, 2015
Wall Street donates to me because I rebuilt them after 9/11
SANDERS: I have never heard a candidate never, who has received huge amounts of money from Wall Street, say, "oh, these campaign contributions will not influence me." Why do they make campaign contributions? They expect to get something!
represented New York on 9/11 when we were attacked. We were attacked in downtown Manhattan where Wall Street is. I did spend a whole lot of time and effort helping them rebuild. That was good for the economy and it was a way to rebuke the terrorists who
had attacked our country.
Q [after break]: A viewer tweeted, "I've never seen a candidate invoke 9/11 to justify millions of Wall Street donations until now." Yes, you were a champion of the community after 9/11, but what does that have to do with
CLINTON: I worked closely with New Yorkers after 9/11 for my entire first term to rebuild. So, I've had a lot of folks give me donations who say, "I don't agree with you on everything, but I like what you do. I like how you stand up."
Source: 2015 CBS Democratic primary debate in Iowa
, Nov 14, 2015
FactCheck: Yes, more legislation & sponsorships than Obama
A misleading unsigned e-mail alleges that Clinton has fewer legislative accomplishments than Obama, and that they are less substantive. We find that the e-mail is false in almost every particular:
Contrary to the e-mail’s
assertions, Clinton’s and Obama’s contributions are qualitatively similar; quantitatively, Clinton has the edge.
- It compares only the Clinton-sponsored bills that
became law with all bills sponsored by Obama.
- It includes legislation Obama sponsored in the Illinois state Senate.
- It tells us that Obama has sponsored more legislation than Clinton, when in fact he has sponsored less.
Source: AdWatch of 2008 campaign ad: “Anonymous Email”
, Apr 1, 2008
|Years in Senate ||3||7|
|Signed into law||2||19|
|Sponsored, per year||43||51|
|Passed, per year||2.3||4.6|
Transparent government includes federal agency blogs
I want to have a much more transparent government, and I think we now have the tools to make that happen. You know, I said the other night at an event in New Hampshire,
I want to have as much information about the way our government operates on the Internet so the people who pay for it, the taxpayers of America, can see that. I want to be sure that, you know, we actually have like agency blogs.
I want people in all the government agencies to be communicating with people, because for me, we’re now in an era--which didn’t exist before--where you can have instant access to information, and
I want to see my government be more transparent. I want to make sure that we limit, if we can’t eliminate all the no-bid contracts, the cronyism, I want to cut 500,000 government contractors.
Source: Meet the Press: 2008 “Meet the Candidates” series
, Jan 13, 2008
Never abuse the purpose of signing statements
I would use the signing statements the way presidents before Bush used them. They were used to clarify the law, to perhaps make it more coherent with other laws that had been passed. Bush’s used them as essentially a form of veto. When Bush signed the
bill, he used a signing statement to say I don’t have to follow that unless I choose to. Let’s quit with all of the perversion of the constitution and the rule of law. Let’s get back to what presidents did in both parties and remove the legacy of Bush.
Source: 2007 Des Moines Register Democratic Debate
, Dec 13, 2007
Change system from the inside, not from the outside
“Outside-in” activism wasn’t Hillary’s way. The popular guru of “people power” organizing, Saul Alinsky, was a Chicago man [and Hillary met him & studied with him.] Hillary chose to write a college paper on a group inspired by Alinsky--the
Community Action Program. After studying the group for weeks, she came away unimpressed. “[Alinsky] believed you could change the system only from the outside. I didn’t,” she wrote bluntly in “Living History.”
Source: The Contenders, by Laura Flanders, p. 24-26
, Nov 11, 2007
End no-bid contracts, end revolving door in government
Q: You defended taking money from lobbyists, saying: “A lot of those lobbyists, whether you like it or not, represent real Americans, they actually do.” Comments?
A: I believe we’ve got to have fundamental reform in Washington. I’m in favor of,
especially after Bush and Cheney and Rove, to clean up what they’re leaving behind--to end the no-bid contracts, the revolving door in government. I think it’s absolutely essential that, you know, we get rid of all of the contracting out of government
jobs, which has really undermined the quality of services. But you know, I think it is also the case that I have fought for all of these issues against a lot of special interests for a very long time. I fought the drug companies and the insurance
companies in ‘93 and ‘94. I fought them again on the Medicare prescription drug benefit. I fought the banks on bankruptcy reform. So I think that my record on standing up and fighting for people really speaks for itself.
Source: 2007 AFL-CIO Democratic primary forum
, Aug 8, 2007
1978: chaired Legal Services Corp. while at Rose Law Firm
The group that really showed Hillary’s political colors was the Legal Services Corporation (LSC). Hillary was appointed to the LSC board in 1978 by Pres. Carter & would remain there until 1982, at one point becoming board chair. From that perch, she set
out to change the world.
LSC provided attorneys from the federal system to represent the needy in a variety of cases. Thus, the LSC became a magnet for liberals committed to changing society through the court system. What the children of the 1960s coul
not achieve through the ballot box, they hoped to gain by the lawsuit.
With Hillary as a member of the premier law firm in Arkansas, the Rose Law Firm, it just so happened that these LSC activities were poised to expand legal services across the nation
in a way that had the potential to generate a large amount of business for Rose.
This was a conflict of interest of which Hillary was obviously aware but refused to openly acknowledge, fueled by her strong belief in the moral center of the cause.
Source: God and Hillary Clinton, by Paul Kengor, p. 56-58
, Jul 18, 2007
Create a public service academy, like military academy
When I’m president, the entrance to the White House will no longer be a revolving door for the well connected, but a door of opportunity for the well qualified. We’re going to enlist young people once again serving their government.
I have proposed a public service academy, just like our military academy. Let’s start sending young people to school to serve America in another way!
Source: Take Back America 2007 Conference
, Jun 20, 2007
1970s: Worked on 18-year-old voting Amendment
Joining Hillary on the dais at the League of Women Voters was Marian Wright Edelman, later the founder of Children’s Defense League, the convention’s keynote speaker and a women who would become one of Hillary’s most important and influential friends.
After graduating from Yale Law School in 1963, Edelman had become the first black woman admitted to the bar in Mississippi, and she was a tireless worker for children’s rights. A few months earlier, Hillary had also met Edelman’s husband, Peter, a
Harvard Law School graduate who had clerked for Justice Arthur J. Goldberg of the Supreme Court. The Edelmans were lobbying Congress to pass an amendment to the Constitution that would lower the voting age from 21 to 18.
Hillary endorsed the change: “If young people were old enough to fight, they were entitled to vote.”
Source: Her Way, by Jeff Gerth & Don Van Natta, p. 41
, Jun 8, 2007
Cut gov’t contractors and end privatization of government
I stood with AFSCME against the privatization of Social Security and now I want to stand with you against the privatization of our government. The Bush administration has been privatizing government services. In fact, now we have more government
contractors and grantees by three times the number than the entire military and Civil Service personnel. We have to stop that. And I have proposed cutting government contractors by 500,000 as soon as I’m sworn in and saving $8 billion to $10 billion.
Source: 2007 AFSCME Democratic primary debate in Carson City Nevada
, Feb 21, 2007
$5M in New York state “pork barrel” bills thru 2004
Hillary’s belief that the government is the best agent at fostering economic growth is evident in the copious amounts of porkbarrel funds she has secured for state & local government projects aimed at stimulating New York’s economy, including:
Source: Vast Right-Wing Conspiracy, by Amanda Carpenter, p. 60-62
, Oct 11, 2006
$350,000 for a regional survey by Albany’s Center for Economic Growth
Hillary explained, “to audit the capital region’s high-tech infrastructure and R&D assets, to develop a master inventory of the resources available.”
- $4 million for
Rochester’s National Center for Excellence
Hillary explained, “to work with academic institutions to lock in NY’s top spot in photonics & fiber optics, and to build a state-of-the-art photonics R&D lab.”
- $250,000 for Central NY’s “Vision
2010 Economic Development Strategy”
Hillary explained, “this will add 50,000 net new jobs by 2010”
- $250,000 for Rural Opportunities Inc.
Hillary explained, “to attract private investment capital to upstate NY.”
Triangulation replaces partisanship with a dynamic center
Dick Morris helped Bill develop a strategy to break through the wall of obstructionist Republicans.
When opposing camps are in two polar positions, they can decide to move toward a third position--like the apex of the triangle--what came to be called
"triangulation." This was essentially a restatement of the philosophy Bill had developed as Governor & as Chairman of the Democratic Leadership Council. In the 1992 campaign, he championed moving beyond the "brain-dead" politics of both parties to craft
a "dynamic center." More than old-fashioned compromise of splitting the difference, triangulation reflected the approach Bill had promised to bring to Washington.
When, for example, the Republicans tried to claim ownership of welfare reform, an issue
Bill had been working on since 1980, Bill would avoid saying no. Instead, he would support the objectives of reform but insist on changes that would improve the legislation and attract enough moderate support to defeat the extreme Republican position.
Source: Living History, by Hillary Rodham Clinton, p.290
, Nov 1, 2003
Defined appropriate high crimes for impeaching Nixon in 1973
[Working on the Nixon Impeachment inquiry]: Andrew Johnson was the only previous President to be impeached, and historians generally agreed that the Congress had misused its solemn constitutional responsibility for partisan political purposes. [Our
committee chair] was committed to running a process that the public and history would judge as nonpartisan and fair, no matter what the outcome. I helped draft procedural rules to present to the House Judiciary Committee. I attended public meetings of th
committee and sat at the counsel's table while the chairman presented the procedures he wanted the members to accept.
After working on procedures, I moved on to research the legal grounds for a presidential impeachment and wrote along memo summarizing
my conclusions about what did--and did not--constitute an impeachable offense. Years later, I reread the memo. I still agreed with its assessment of the kinds of "high Crimes and Misdemeanors" the framers of the Constitution intended to be impeachable.
Source: Living History, by Hillary Rodham Clinton, p. 67
, Nov 1, 2003
Visited many non-governmental programs on India trip
On her 1995 trip to India, Mrs. Clinton seemed to be reassessing her political philosophy after the health reform debacle.
She was clearly impressed with the nongovernmental social programs she had been visiting--indeed, all the programs she visited on the subcontinent were nongovernmental--and she was beginning to wonder if the needs of poor women and children
might be best served by circumventing the government bureaucracy (a classic New Democrat formulation). She was, as ever, cautious about this--"there are good and bad governmental programs
and good and bad nongovernmental programs," she said (a classic Hillarian formulation)--but there was a curiosity and a humility that hadn't seemed apparent before.
Source: The Natural, by Joe Klein, p.128
, Feb 11, 2003
Whitewater investigation ends; Hillary questions $52M spent
The six-year, $52 million Whitewater investigation came to a close yesterday, as Independent Counsel Robert Ray announced he had found “insufficient evidence” to bring charges in the widest-reaching special prosecutor inquiry ever. In a short statement,
Ray [who took over from Ken Starr last October] concluded there was “inconclusive” evidence that President Clinton and Hillary Clinton participated in, or were aware of, any illegal activity tied to the Whitewater real estate venture in the 1970s and
“I’m just glad this is finally over,” Hillary Clinton said. Finally free of the issue that marred her tenure as first lady and the early part of her Senate campaign, Hillary Clinton expressed confidence Whitewater had been a non-issue all
along, saying most people had “made up their minds a long time ago.” She said, “I think that taxpayers have a right to ask why was all this money spent, especially since ... the conclusions were readily available five years ago.”
Source: Boston Globe on 2000 race, p. A1
, Sep 21, 2000
New Democrat: Government is not the solution to all problems
I’m a new Democrat. I don’t believe government is the source of all of our problems or the solution to them. But I do believe that when people live up to their responsibilities,
we ought to live up to ours to help them build better lives. That’s the basic bargain we owe one another in America today.
Source: Announcement Speech, SUNY Purchase
, Feb 6, 2000
Give big states a big slice of federal pie
If I were in the Senate, I would try to create a coalition of the big states to stand up for our interests. It may be that we’ll never get a dollar-for-dollar exchange, but we sure ought to get more than we’re getting now.
Source: Listening event in Jamestown NY
, Aug 4, 1999
We need strong and efficient governments
To address the issues that are paramount today [we need] effectively functioning governments to do. There are those who insist on assaulting government, who claim that if we would only abolish or severely weaken it that everyone’s freedom and
prosperity would blossom. That is, I believe, a very mistaken notion. We need strong and efficient governments-not oppressive or weak ones-that are able to empower citizens to help them take responsibility for their families and communities.
Source: Remarks at The Sorbonne, Paris, France
, Jun 17, 1999
Government should help people, not support bureaucracy
I was against people who came up with big government programs that were more supportive of bureaucracies than they were actually helpful to people. I’ve been on this kick 25 years.
I am proud I was a Goldwater girl. My beliefs changed over time. I always thought the role of citizen was as important in our democracy as running for office.
Source: Unique Voice, p. 59 & 62
, Feb 3, 1997
1973: Researched Nixon's White House tapes
In 1974 on the Impeachment Committee, Hillary Rodham's main assignment was establishing the legal procedures to be followed in the course of the impeachment. Her work ultimately led to suggesting drafting procedures to be followed by the committee in
conducting the formal presentation aspects of its work, what sort of rules of evidence would be involved, what sort of objections would be deemed appropriate or inappropriate, and the scope of cross-examination. It meant staying in the background, and
being, above all, discreet.
"I was kind of locked in this soundproof room with the big headphone on, listening to tapes," she told the Arkansas Gazette. "There was one we called the tape of tapes. It was Nixon taping himself listening to the tapes,
making up his defenses to what he heard on the tapes. So you would hear Nixon talk and then you'd hear very faintly the sound of a taped prior conversation, and you'd hear him say, 'What I meant when I said that was...' I mean, it was surreal."
Source: The Inside Story, by Judith Warner, p. 70-71
, Aug 1, 1993
Only explicit felonies should trigger impeachment
In the 1970s, when young Hillary served as staff member on the House Judiciary Impeachment Inquiry, she surveyed four centuries of common law, to describe the intent of the constitutional provision of impeachment. She concluded, "to limit the impeachable
conduct to criminal offenses would be incompatible with the evidence concerning the constitutional meaning of the phrase, and would frustrate the purpose that the framers intended for impeachment."
As the wife of an impeached president, she took the
opposite position, arguing that according to the Constitution only explicit felonies--apparently felonies graver than perjury--could trigger impeachment. She admonished that to impeach a president on these grounds was a violation of the rule of law and
of the Constitution.
Hillary today praises her own 1974 work, saying that during the impeachment debacle of her husband, she often reread her old Watergate memos. She reports that she still agrees with her assessment.
Source: Madame Hillary, by R. Emmett Tyrrell, p.131-132
, Feb 25, 2004
Hillary Clinton on Campaigns & Voting
Unprecedented Russian interference in presidential election
Q: What about allegations of Russian involvement in this election?
TRUMP: I don't know Putin, but he has no respect for our president and no respect for [Hillary Clinton].
CLINTON: Well, that's because he'd rather have a puppet as president of the
United States. It's pretty clear that the Russians have engaged in cyberattacks against the US, that you encouraged espionage against our people, that you are willing to spout the Putin line, break up NATO, do whatever he wants to do, and that you
continue to get help from him, because he has a very clear favorite in this race. So I think that this is such an unprecedented situation. We've never had a foreign government trying to interfere in our election. We have 17 intelligence agencies
who have all concluded that these cyberattacks, come from the highest levels of the Kremlin and they are designed to influence our election. I find that deeply disturbing.
TRUMP: She has no idea whether it's Russia, China, or anybody else.
Source: Third 2016 Presidential Debate, moderated by Chris Wallace
, Oct 19, 2016
Senate duty to vote on Supreme Court nominees
Q: President Obama now says he regrets voting to filibuster Justice Alito's nomination. You joined 24 other Democrats when you were in the Senate to filibuster Alito's nomination. Do you also regret that?
CLINTON: I did oppose Justice Alito and Chief
Justice Roberts, because after listening to them, I did not believe that their judicial philosophy and approach was one that would be the best for the country. But we had a process; the nomination was made, and we went through the process.
What the Republicans today are saying is "We don't want the president to send us a nominee." That is very different.
Q: But with the filibuster, if you had been successful, then Judge Alito would not have gotten a vote on the floor of the Senate.
CLINTON: That's the way the Senate operates. You get to have a vote. You get to use the rules. The president is trying to talk some sense into the Senate Republicans to actually do their constitutional duty.
Source: MSNBC/Telemundo Democratic Town Hall in Las Vegas
, Feb 18, 2016
GOP is trying to suppress voter registration
Sen. SANDERS: We are going to do a political revolution, which brings working people, young people, senior citizens, minorities together.
CLINTON: Look, we need more Americans to be involved in the political process.
And I give Senator Sanders a lot of credit for really lighting a fire under many people--young, old, everybody--who sees a chance to be involved and have their voice heard. Look at what's happening with the Republicans.
They are doing everything they can to prevent the voices of Americans to be heard. They're trying to prevent people from registering to vote. So, we do need to take on the Republicans very clearly and directly.
But the other thing I just wanted quickly to say is, I think President Obama deserves more credit than he gets for what he got done in Washington, despite the Republican obstructionists.
Source: 2015 CBS Democratic primary debate in Iowa
, Nov 14, 2015
Consider Constitutional Amendment against Citizen's United
While eying a potential presidential run that would surely be boosted by deep-pocketed super PACs, Hillary Clinton said that she's open to supporting a constitutional amendment to overturn the
Supreme Court's Citizens United decision, which opened the door to the outside groups and the flood of money that poured into the political process with them:
"I would consider supporting an amendment among these lines that would prevent the abuse of our political system by excessive amounts of money if there is no other way to deal with the Citizen's United decision,"
she said in response to a question on the measure.
Source: Alex Seitz-Wald on MSNBC, "Citizens United" on 2012 election
, Jul 21, 2014
Voter suppression revives old demons of discrimination
Hillary Clinton delivered a forceful and impassioned defense of the Voting Rights Act, condemning laws and other moves in some states that she said are reviving "old demons of discrimination." In an address to the American Bar Association focused on the
role of the law in American society, Clinton emphatically entered the debate about minority voting rights: "Anyone that says that racial discrimination is no longer a problem in American elections must not be paying attention," said Clinton.
let's admit it--have a long history of shutting people out: African Americans, women, gays and lesbians, people with disabilities," she said. "And throughout our history, we have found too many ways to divide and exclude people from their ownership of
the law and protection from the law."
Clinton criticized the Supreme Court's recent decision to strike down Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act, urging Congress to reconsider the 1965 landmark law and calling on citizen activists to mobilize.
Source: Philip Rucker in Washington Post, "Demons of Discrimination"
, Aug 12, 2013
Fight obstacles to voting disguised as election fraud claims
If the Voting Rights Act is not fixed [despite the Supreme Court's June 2013 ruling], Clinton warned, "citizens will be disenfranchised, victimized by the law instead of served by it, and that progress--that historical progress toward a more perfect
union--will go backward instead of forward."
Clinton assailed what she considers an "unseemly rush" to make it harder for African Americans, Hispanics and other minorities to vote. She noted that this year, more than 80 bills restricting voting rights
have been introduced in 31 states. "We've seen a sweeping effort across our country to construct new obstacles to voting, often undercover and addressing a phantom epidemic of election fraud," she said.
Clinton singled out 4 states in particular: FL,
SC, TX, as well as NC, home to what she called the "greatest hits of voter suppression." Clinton said, "There are many problems in life that we can't fix, but preserving fairness and equality in our voting system is one that we can and that we should."
Source: Philip Rucker in Washington Post, "Demons of Discrimination"
, Aug 12, 2013
Get D.C. full voting rights, plus more direct federal funds
Q: The District of Columbia--it’s the nation’s capital, but a lot of residents here feel quite disconnected and alienated from the national government. How can you improve the lives of the residents of DC?
A: When I was first lady,
I fought to increase their Medicaid match so that they would get more money in the district. It is the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic, unfortunately, right here in D.C. I worked to make sure that the adoption and foster care system was improved so that
we could get more kids into permanent homes. When I helped to pass the Children’s Health Insurance Program, we made sure that D.C. would be well taken care of. So I’ve already produced results for the people of this district, and I intend to do a lot
more as president. I want to get full voting rights for D.C. I think it is an injustice that has to be remedied. I want to be a better partner in working with the district on everything from its transportation challenges to its health care problems.
Source: 2008 Politico pre-Potomac Primary interview
, Feb 11, 2008
Stand for public financing and getting money out of politics
Where I stand is for public financing. I’m going to do everything I can to get public financing, to get the money out of American politics. The point is that you’ve got to say no. You’ve got to say no. We will say no consistently in order to have a
positive agenda that is actually going to make a difference. Do you have to stand up to the lobbyists? Yes. But the lobbyists represent the interests that are paying the lobbyists. So to go and focus on the lobbyists kind of misses the point.
Source: 2008 Congressional Black Caucus Democratic debate
, Jan 21, 2008
HILL-PAC is one of politics biggest money-raisers
Since she entered the senate in 2001, no senator has raised more money than Clinton has--$51.5 million, according to the Center for Responsive Politics. Her personal political action committee,
HILL-PAC, is one of the biggest money-raisers and spenders in the business.
For her 2008 presidential bid, she set a goal of $100 million raised through the primaries. To reach her target, she’s decided to forgo public financing, just as Bush did in
2000 and 2004.
While Barack Obama has decided to reject donations from political action committees and lobbyists, Hillary has embraced the politics of the Penthouse Party. Raising money in the suites, she hopes to send her
campaign workers out to flood the streets, and in most primaries to date she’s doing just that. In early June 2007, the Clinton campaign had more paid workers in New Hampshire, 54, than every other Democrat combined.
Source: The Contenders, by Laura Flanders, p. 21
, Nov 11, 2007
Public financing would fix campaign donor problems
Q: Norman Hsu was a big fund-raiser for you, and now has come under federal investigation. Is this changing the way Washington does business?
A: Well, I’m very much in favor of public financing, which is the only way to really change a lot of the
problems that we have in our campaign finance system. You know, as soon as my campaign found out that he was a fugitive from justice, we did return any contribution that we could in any way link to him.
Q: Back in the 1996 campaign,
Johnny Chung plead guilty to illegally funding of money, under very similar circumstances. How do you convince the American people that you have changed?
A: Well, this is a problem for every campaign. I have more than 100,000 donors, the vast majority
of whom have given me less than $100. We’re spending an enormous amount of time and effort raising money, mostly to be clear to go on television. It is not good for our political system. There has to be a way that public financing becomes the law.
Source: Meet the Press: 2007 “Meet the Candidates” series
, Sep 23, 2007
Presidents should reveal donations to their foundations
Q: Bill Clinton said, “We don’t have to publish all our donors for the Clinton Foundation, but if Hillary became president, I think there would questions about whether people would try to win favor by giving money to me.”
In light of that, do you believe that the Clinton Foundation & Library should publish all the donors who give contributions?
I actually co-sponsored legislation that would have sitting presidents reveal any donation to their presidential library, and I think that’s a good policy.
Q: Until such legislation, would the Clinton
Foundation, make their donors public?
A: Well, you’ll have to ask them.
Q: What’s your recommendation?
A: Well, I don’t talk about my private conversations with my husband, but I’m sure he’d be happy to consider that.
Source: 2007 Democratic primary debate at Dartmouth College
, Sep 6, 2007
Move to public election financing, not banning lobbyists
EDWARDS: [to Clinton]: I have never taken money from Washington lobbyists. Why don’t we all make an absolutely clear statement that we are the party of the people; not the party of Washington insiders? By saying we will never take another dime from a
Washington lobbyist. I’ve asked the other candidates to join me in that. And at least, until now, Sen. Clinton’s not done it.
CLINTON: I believe we have to change Washington. I’ve stood up against the special interests, I’ve taken them on.
But there is this artificial distinction that people are trying to make. Don’t take money from lobbyists, but take money from the people who employ and hire lobbyists and give them their marching orders. Those are the people that are really going to be
pushing back. I think we can do a much better job if we say we have got to move toward public financing, get the money out of American politics, because it’s the people who employ the lobbyists who are behind all the money in American politics.
Source: 2007 Democratic primary debate on “This Week”
, Aug 19, 2007
Same-day voter registration; no oppressive ID requirements
Q: What would you do to ensure that all Americans are able to cast a free and unfettered vote and that that vote be counted?
A: I introduced a piece of legislation called the “Count Every Vote Act.” We heard firsthand from people in Cleveland who had
been disenfranchised, all the people who waited for 10 or 12 hours because the precincts they were in only had two voting machines, whereas down the road, in a more affluent and whiter precinct, people could vote in a couple of minutes.
We need to end the disparities in resources. We need to have same day voter registration and earlier absentee voting. We need to make it clear that we’d like to try a holiday or a weekend for voting because more
people will be able to get off work and actually do it. And we need to end the oppressive ID requirements that are turning people away from the polls and restore the voting rights of ex-felons.
Source: 2007 NAACP Presidential Primary Forum
, Jul 12, 2007
Verified paper ballot for every electronic voting machines
Hillary is strongly committed to making sure that every American has the right to vote in fair, accessible, and credible elections-and that every vote must be counted. She has introduced the Count Every Vote Act of 2005 to provide a verified paper
ballot for every vote cast in electronic voting machines; set a uniform standard for provisional ballots, and require the Federal Election Assistance Commission to issue standards that ensure uniform access to voting machines and election personnel.
Source: PAC website, www.hillpac.com, “Biography”
, Nov 17, 2006
Right to vote is precious & needs protection
The right to vote is precious and needs protection: “Voting is the most precious right of every citizen, and we have a moral obligation to ensure the integrity of our voting process.
Source: What Every American Should Know, by the ACU, p. 71
, Sep 30, 2005
HILLPAC raised $31M through 2002
Hillary controls her namesake HILLPAC, a phenomenally successful ‘leadership’ political action committee engorged with her Whitehaven funds, a type of PAC usually associated with senior leadership figures like
Tom Daschle and Tom Delay.
During the 2002 election cycle, Hillary was among the Senate’s top donors, disbursing more than $1 million to candidates and to party committees.
Hillary raises almost half of her funds from outside the state, with trial lawyers and law firms as her top categories.
She endearingly bestows the title ‘Hill Raisers’ on those who collect large sums for her. Lesser mortals can log onto the Hillary website and become ‘Hill’s Angels’
Source: Madame Hillary, by R. Emmett Tyrell, p. 23-24
, Feb 25, 2004
Soft money ban & independent ad ban for Senate campaign
If we could work out a ban on not only soft money but independent expenditures, which have already run ads against me, I think that would be a very good example to set for the rest of the country. I would not do it at all if they would not do it.
I was concerned by what I read about the practices being engaged by the Giuliani campaign. I think they do bear looking into.
Source: CNN.com coverage
, Feb 11, 2000
Hillary Clinton on Voting Record
Count Every Vote Act: end voting discrimination by race
In the past two presidential elections, we saw people turned away from the polls or discouraged from voting. We saw ballots mysteriously lost in state after state. It is inconceivable that in 2007 African Americans would have to wait in line for
10 hours to vote, while whites in the affluent precinct next door waited 10 minutes; or that students at a college would be fundamentally discriminated against and not given their right to vote by being denied even the right to register or the equipment
that they would need to do so.
That is why I’ve introduced the Count Every Vote Act in the Senate because I want to make sure that we are not embarrassed again as a nation.
We are the oldest democracy in the world, and we need to act like it and restore integrity to our electoral process. Our democracy requires nothing less.
Source: Take Back America 2007 Conference
, Jun 20, 2007
Voted YES on granting the District of Columbia a seat in Congress.
Cloture vote on the District of Columbia House Voting Rights Act:
[Washington DC currently has a "delegate" to the US House, whose vote does not count. Utah had complained that the 2000 census did not count many Utahns on Mormon missions abroad].
- Considers D.C. a congressional district for purposes of representation in the House.
- D.C. shall not be considered a state for representation in the Senate.
- Limits D.C. to one Member under any reapportionment.
- Increases membership of the House from 435 to 437.
- Entitles Utah to one additional Representative until the next census, and modifies the reapportionment formula thereafter.
Opponents recommend voting NO because:
Sen. BYRD: In 1978, I voted for H.J. Res. 554, that proposed amending the Constitution to provide for representation of D.C. [That amendment passed the Senate but was not ratified by the States]. While I recognize that others believe that the Constitution authorizes the
Congress to "exercise exclusive legislation" over D.C., the historical intent of the Founders on this point is unclear. I oppose S.1257, because I doubt that our Nation's Founding Fathers ever intended that the Congress should be able to change the text of the Constitution by passing a simple bill.
Proponents support voting YES because:
Sen. HATCH. There are conservative and liberal advocates on both sides of this issue,and think most people know Utah was not treated fairly after the last census. For those who are so sure this is unconstitutional, [we include an] expedited provision that will get us to the Supreme Court to make an appropriate decision. It will never pass as a constitutional amendment. There are 600,000 people in D.C., never contemplated by the Founders of this country to be without the right to vote. They are the only people in this country who do not have a right to vote for their own representative in the House. This bill would remedy that situation.
Reference: District of Columbia House Voting Rights Act;
Bill S. 1257
; vote number 2007-339
on Sep 18, 2007
Voted NO on requiring photo ID to vote in federal elections.
Vote on Dole Amdt. S.2350, amending SP2350 (via the College Cost Reduction Act): To amend the Help America Vote Act of 2002 to require individuals voting in person to present photo identification.
Proponents support voting YES because:
Sen. DOLE. I am proposing a commonsense measure to uphold the integrity of Federal elections. My amendment to require voters to show photo identification at the polls would go a long way in minimizing potential for voter fraud. When a fraudulent vote is cast and counted, the vote of a legitimate voter is cancelled. This is wrong, and my amendment would help ensure that one of the hallmarks of our democracy, our free and fair elections, is protected. Opinion polls repeatedly confirm that Americans overwhelmingly support this initiative.
Opponents recommend voting NO because:
Sen. FEINSTEIN. If one would want to suppress the vote in the 2008 election, one would vote for this because this measure goes into effect January 1, 2008. It provides that everybody who votes essentially would have to have a photo ID. If you want to suppress the minority vote, the elderly vote, the poor vote, this is exactly the way to do it. Many of these people do not have driver's licenses. This amendment would cost hundreds of millions of dollars to actually carry out. It goes into effect--surprise--January 1, 2008 [to affect the presidential election]. I urge a "no" vote.
Reference: Dole Amendment to the Help America Vote Act;
Bill S.2350, amending SP2350
; vote number 2007-269
on Jul 19, 2007
Voted NO on allowing some lobbyist gifts to Congress.
A motion to table (kill) an amendment to clarify the application of the gift rule to lobbyists. Voting NAY would define employees of lobbying companies as registered lobbyists and therefore subject to the gift ban. Voting YEA would apply the gift ban only to specific people who registered as lobbyists.
Proponents of the amendment say to vote NAY on the tabling motion because:
Reference: Feingold Amendment to Legislative Transparency and Accountability Act;
Bill S.Amdt.2962 to S.2349
; vote number 2006-080
on Mar 29, 2006
- Using the term "registered lobbyist'' will create a huge loophole. The Ethics Committee treats the actual listed lobbyists as registered lobbyists, but not the organization.
- So, for example, a company can give a Senator free tickets to a show or a baseball game, as long as a lobbyist doesn't actually offer or handle them. If the lobbyist's secretary makes the call, that would be permitted.
- If these companies can still give gifts, we won't have a real lobbyist gift ban. We won't be able to look the American people in the eye and say, "We just banned gifts from lobbyists,'' because we didn't.
Voted NO on establishing the Senate Office of Public Integrity.
An amendment to establish the Senate Office of Public Integrity. Voting YEA would establish the new office, and voting NAY would keep ethics investigations within the existing Senate Ethics Committee.
Proponents of the bill say to vote YEA because:
- We have heard from the media about the bribes and scandals, but we have heard only silence from the House Ethics Committee. One of the greatest travesties of these scandals is not what Congress did, but what it didn't do.
- The American people perceive the entire ethics system--House and Senate--to be broken. We can pass all the ethics reforms we want--gift bans, travel bans, lobbying restrictions--but none of them will make a difference if there isn't a nonpartisan, independent body that will help us enforce those laws.
- The Office of Public Integrity established in this amendment would provide a voice that cannot be silenced by political pressures. It would have the power to initiate independent investigations
and bring its findings to the Ethics Committees in a transparent manner.
Opponents of the bill say to vote NAY because:
Reference: Collins Amendment to Legislative Transparency and Accountability Act;
Bill S.Amdt.3176 to S.2349
; vote number 2006-077
on Mar 28, 2006
- The Constitution gave us not only the right but the duty to create our own rules, including the rules concerning our ethics. They are enforced internally by the Senate itself.
- The decisions made under this amendment would be no different than right now. The final decision will be made by the Senate Ethics Committee. All this really does is find a way to further publicize that complaints have been made.
- We have people accusing us almost daily of having done something wrong and publishing it through blogs and all that. I think we should be very careful in setting up another tool for these bloggers to create more charges against the Senate.
- I cannot support an amendment that either replaces the Senate Ethics Committee or adds another layer to our already expensive and time-consuming process. I urge the Senate to defeat this provision.
Voted YES on banning "soft money" contributions and restricting issue ads.
Vote on passage of H.R. 2356; Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (Shays-Meehan bill, House equivalent of McCain-Feingoldf bill). Vote to ban “soft money” contributions to national political parties but permit up to $10,000 in soft money contributions to state and local parties to help with voter registration and get-out-the-vote drives. The bill would stop issue ads from targeting specific candidates within 30 days of the primary or 60 days of the general election. Additionally, the bill would raise the individual contribution limit from $1,000 to $2,000 per election for House and Senate candidates, both of which would be indexed for inflation.
; vote number 2002-54
on Mar 20, 2002
Voted NO on require photo ID (not just signature) for voter registration.
Motion to Table Schumer Amdt. No. 2937; To permit the use of a signature or personal mark for the purpose of verifying the identity of voters who register by mail, and for other purposes. Voting Yes would kill the amendment. The amendment would allow a signature to identify voters who register by mail, instead of requiring showing photo identification or other proof of residence before being allowed to vote.
; vote number 2002-38
on Feb 27, 2002
Voted YES on banning campaign donations from unions & corporations.
Vote to ban soft money donations to political parties and forbid corporate general funds and union general funds from being spent on issue ads. The bill would increase the individual contribution limit to candidates from $1,000 to $2,000.
; vote number 2001-64
on Apr 2, 2001
Voluntary public financing for all general elections.
Clinton adopted the manifesto, "A New Agenda for the New Decade":
Return Politics to the People
At a time when much of the world is emulating American values and institutions, too many Americans have lost confidence in their political system. They are turned off by a partisan debate that often seems to revolve not around opposing philosophies but around contending sets of interest groups. They believe that our current system for financing campaigns gives disproportionate power to wealthy individuals and groups and exerts too much influence over legislative and regulatory outcomes.
The time for piecemeal reform is past. As campaign costs soar at every level, we need to move toward voluntary public financing of all general elections and press broadcasters to donate television time to candidates.
The Internet holds tremendous potential for making campaigns less expensive and more edifying and for engaging Americans directly in electoral politics.
We should promote the Internet as a new vehicle for political communication and champion online voting.
Goals for 2010
Source: The Hyde Park Declaration 00-DLC9 on Aug 1, 2000
- Introduce voluntary public financing for all general elections.
- Allow properly regulated voter registration and voting online.
- Implement civic education courses in every public school.
Criminalize false or deceptive info about elections.
Clinton co-sponsored criminalizing false or deceptive info about elections
OFFICIAL CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY: Amends federal criminal law to prohibit any person from knowingly deceiving any other person regarding:
Creates a private right of action for any person aggrieved by a violation of such prohibition. Prescribes a criminal penalty for such deceptive acts.
- the time, place, or manner of conducting any federal election; or
- the qualifications for or restrictions on voter eligibility for any such election.
SPONSOR'S INTRODUCTORY REMARKS: Sen. OBAMA: Voter participation is fundamental to our democracy, and we must do all we can to encourage those who can to vote. I also hope voters go to the polls with accurate information about what is on the ballot, where they are supposed to vote, and what our Nation's voting laws are.
It might surprise some of you to know, but even in this awesome age of technological advancement and easy access to information, there are folks who will stop at nothing to try to deceive people
and keep them away from the polls. These deceptive practices all too often target and exploit vulnerable populations, like minorities, the disabled, or the poor.
Deceptive practices often rely on a few tried and true tricks. Voters are often warned that an unpaid parking ticket will lead to their arrest or that folks with family members who have been convicted of a crime are ineligible to vote. Of course, these warnings have no basis in fact, and they are made with one goal and one goal only: to keep Americans away from the polls.
The bill I am introducing today provides the clear statutory language and authority needed to get allegations of deceptive practices investigated. It establishes harsh penalties for those found to have perpetrated them. Deceptive practices and voter intimidation are real problems and demand real solutions like those offered in my bill.
LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Referred to Senate Committee on Rules and Administration; never came to a vote.
Source: Voter Intimidation Prevention Act (S.1975/H.R.4463) 05-S1975 on Nov 8, 2005
Reject photo ID requirements for voting.
Clinton co-sponsored rejecting photo ID requirements for voting
OFFICIAL CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY: Expresses the sense of Congress that:
- a requirement that U.S. citizens obtain photo identification cards before being able to vote has not been shown to ensure ballot integrity and places an undue burden on citizens' legitimate voting rights; (
- the Department of Justice should challenge any state law that limits a citizen's ability to vote based on discriminatory photo identification requirements; and
- any effort to impose national photo identification requirements for voting should be rejected.
SPONSOR'S INTRODUCTORY REMARKS: Sen. OBAMA: I am submitting a resolution to express the Senate's strong disapproval of recent efforts to disenfranchise Americans. Unfortunately, too many electoral reform efforts seem intent on limiting access to the ballot as opposed to expanding it. In the mid-20th century, the poll tax was the preferred means of disenfranchising large minority populations, specifically
African Americans. Today, the poll tax is taking on a new form--a photo identification requirement for voters.
According to the National Commission on Federal Election Reform, such a requirement would "impose an additional expense on the exercise of the franchise, a burden that would fall disproportionately on people who are poorer and urban." Nevertheless, a number of States, including Georgia, have recently passed laws mandating government-issued photo identification for voters at the polls. Nationwide, at least 12% of eligible drivers do not have a driver's license. And Georgia has made it difficult for rural and urban folks to obtain their voter photo identification.
The Carter-Baker Commission on Federal Election Reform acknowledges that there is "no evidence of extensive fraud in U.S. elections or of multiple voting."
LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Referred to Senate Committee on Rules and Administration; never came to a vote.
Source: Resolution on Voting (S.CON.RES.53) 05-SC53 on Sep 20, 2005
Post earmarks on the Internet before voting on them.
Clinton co-sponsored posting earmarks on the Internet before voting on them
OnTheIssues.org Explanation: This bill attempts to limit earmarks by publicizing them. Rather than banning earmarks, this bill requires that earmarks and other last-minute add-ins get posted on the Internet. Posting provisions on the Internet for 3 days is intended to restrict lobbyists influence on earmarks that would otherwise go unnoticed.
OFFICIAL CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY:
Curtailing Lobbyist Effectiveness Through Advance Notification, Updates, and Posting Act or the CLEAN UP Act: Amends the Standing Rules of the Senate to: LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Referred to Senate Committee on Rules and Administration; never came to a vote.
Source: CLEAN-UP Act (S.2179) 06-S2179 on Jan 18, 2006
- Identify and explain separately each provision of a bill & identify the Member who proposed such provision.
- Make each bill provision available to the general public by means of the
Internet for at least 72 hours before its consideration.
- Prohibits consideration of an appropriation bill unless a list of all earmarks in the bill and accompanying reports is available in the same manner.
- Allows a waiver of such prohibitions by a two-thirds majority vote of Members.
Establish the United States Public Service Academy.
Clinton sponsored establishing the United States Public Service Academy
Introductory statement by Sponsor:
Sen. CLINTON: I rise today to introduce legislation that will create an undergraduate institution designed to cultivate a generation of young leaders dedicated to public service. The US Public Service Academy Act (The PSA Act) will form a national academy to serve as an extraordinary example of effective, national public education.
The tragic events of September 11 and the devastation of natural disasters such as Hurricanes Katrina and Rita underscore how much our Nation depends on strong public institutions and competent civilian leadership at all levels of society. Congress must take a step forward to ensure competent civilian leadership and improve our Nation's ability to respond to future emergencies and to confront daily challenges.
This legislation will create the US Public Service Academy to groom future public servants and build a corps of capable civilian leaders. Modeled after the military service academies, this academy
will provide a four-year, federally-subsidized college education for more than 5,000 students a year in exchange for a five year commitment to public service.
The PSA Act will meet critical national needs as the baby-boomer generation approaches retirement. Already, studies show looming shortages in the Federal civil service, public education, law enforcement, the non-profit sector and other essential areas.
Unfortunately our young people are priced out of public service careers all too often. By providing a service-oriented education at no cost to the student, the PSA Act will tap into the strong desire to serve that already exists among college students while erasing the burden of enormous college debt.
The establishment of a United States Public Service Academy is an innovative way to strengthen and protect America by creating a corps of well-trained, highly-qualified civilian leaders. I am hopeful that my Senate colleagues from both sides of the aisle will join me today.
Source: United States Public Service Academy Act (S.960 & HR.1671) 07-HR1671 on Mar 23, 2007
Prohibit voter intimidation in federal elections.
Clinton co-sponsored prohibiting voter intimidation in federal elections
Makes it unlawful for anyone before or during a federal election to knowingly communicate false election-related information about that election, with the intent to prevent another person from exercising the right to vote. Increases from one year to five years' imprisonment the criminal penalty for intimidation of voters.
Introductory statement by Sponsor:
Sen. OBAMA: This bill seeks to address the all-too-common efforts to deceive voters in order to keep them away from the polls. It's hard to imagine that we even need a bill like this. But, unfortunately, there are people who will stop at nothing to try to deceive voters and keep them away from the polls. What's worse, these practices often target and exploit vulnerable populations, such as minorities, the disabled, or the poor. We saw countless examples in this past election.
Of course, these so-called warnings have no basis in fact, and are made with only one goal in mind--to keep Americans away from the polls. We see these problems election after election, and my hope is that this bill will finally stop these practices. This bill makes voter intimidation & deception punishable by law, and it contains strong penalties. The bill also seeks to address the real harm of these crimes--people who are prevented from voting by misinformation--by establishing a process for reaching out to these misinformed voters with accurate information so they can cast their votes in time.
Source: Voter Intimidation Prevention Act (H.R.1281 & S.453) 07-S453 on Mar 1, 2007
- Some of us remember the thousands of Latino voters in Orange County, California, who received letters warning them in
Spanish that, "if you are an immigrant, voting in a federal election is a crime that can result in incarceration."
- Or the voters in Virginia who received calls from a so-called "Virginia Elections Commission" informing them--falsely--that they were ineligible to vote.
- Or the voters who were told that they couldn't vote if they had family members who had been convicted of a crime.
Opposes same campaign finance rules to all organizations.
Clinton opposes the CC survey question on Citizens United
The Christian Coalition Voter Guide inferred whether candidates agree or disagree with the statement, 'Removing campaign free speech restrictions that are placed on some organizations but not others'
The Christian Coalition notes, "You can help make sure that voters have the facts BEFORE they cast their votes. We have surveyed candidates in the most competitive congressional races on the issues that are important to conservatives."
Source: Christian Coalition Survey 16_CC16 on Nov 8, 2016
Prohibit 'voter caging' which intimidates minority voting.
Clinton co-sponsored prohibiting 'voter caging' which intimidates minority voting
Rep. CONYERS: "Since the late 1950's, the pernicious practice of 'voter caging' has been used to discourage or prevent eligible voters from casting their vote. Recent elections have shown that caging tactics are not outdated, and in fact, have disenfranchised voters in recent midterm and Presidential elections. While caging efforts have traditionally been directed at minority communities, all voters are susceptible to these attempts at voter intimidation and suppression.
"The undemocratic practice of voter caging involves sending mail to voters at the addresses at which they are registered to vote. Should such mail be returned as undeliverable or without a return receipt, the voter's name is placed on a 'caging list.' These caging lists are then used to challenge a voter's registration or eligibility.
"In my home State of Michigan, I have seen firsthand how caging efforts are used to harass, bully, and ultimately disenfranchise, eligible voters. With a
Michigan lawmaker advocating 'suppress the Detroit vote,' I cannot help but think that is synonymous with 'suppress the Black vote' as Detroit is 83% African American. These voter suppression campaigns always seem to target our most vulnerable voters--racial minorities, low-income people, homeless people, and college students.
"Caging tactics meant to suppress the vote do more than impede the right to vote. They threaten to erode the very core of our democracy. By eliminating barriers to the polls, we can help restore what has been missing from our elections--fairness, honesty, and integrity."
S.2305: PROHIBITION ON VOTER CAGING: No State or local election official shall prevent an individual from registering or voting in any election for Federal office, or challenge an individual's registration status or eligibility to vote, if the sole basis for such decision or challenge is evidence consisting of a voter caging document or voter caging list; or an unverified match list.
Source: Caging Prohibition Act (S.2305/H.R.5038) 2007-S2305 on Nov 5, 2007
Other candidates on Government Reform:
Hillary Clinton on other issues:
George W. Bush (R,2001-2009)
Bill Clinton (D,1993-2001)
George Bush Sr. (R,1989-1993)
Ronald Reagan (R,1981-1989)
Jimmy Carter (D,1977-1981)
Gerald Ford (R,1974-1977)
Richard Nixon (R,1969-1974)
Lyndon Johnson (D,1963-1969)
John F. Kennedy (D,1961-1963)
Dwight Eisenhower (R,1953-1961)
Harry_S_TrumanHarry S Truman(D,1945-1953)
Page last updated: Jan 25, 2020